There is a remarkable archaeological evidence of the history of Pachino in its territory: caves are typical of this area, Grotta Corruggi and Grotta Calafarina are two good examples. In the past Grotta Corruggi was a private property, today this cave is protected by the Syracuse Superintendent.
Grotta Corruggi is a small cave located in the locality Contrada Vulpiglia, between the territories of Marzamemi and Portopalo di Capo Passero. It is one of the most important Neolithic sites in Sicily. This cave has been object of studies by three archaeologists: Von Audrien, Paolo Orsi and Bernabo Brea. Inside, many Neolithic repairs have been discovered, such as instruments for hunting, rests of meals and bones of “Equus Hydruntinus”, an animal similar to the donkey, extincted millions of years ago.